Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a childhood disorder that affects almost one out of 10 children in the United States alone. Even though it’s fairly common, many misconceptions are still around. This is what you need to know about ADHD as a parent.
Main characteristics of ADHD
Most kids are inattentive, impulsive, and hyperactive at times. But for a diagnosis of ADHD, these symptoms must interfere significantly in multiple places, such as at school and at home. It should cause disruption. This is a childhood disorder, meaning the symptoms must be present before adolescence. The symptoms can start in preschool, but most kids aren’t diagnosed until later in childhood. This is generally a good way to keep an eye out as a parent.
There are different types of ADHD
Many children with ADHD will have a combo of inattention, being impulsive, and hyperactive. They would be diagnosed with combination ADHD. Others who show only specific conditions of the mentioned ones would either be diagnosed with ADHD – hyperactive/impulsive. Now another group may have massive issues with attention and this will be diagnosed as ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder.
ADHD is a brain-based disorder
Children will not be able to overcome ADHD by just trying to focus harder or by willing themselves to somehow pay attention. Brain scans have indicated that people with ADHD have structurally better brains than those without and they also show that it can be genetic.
ADHD and its symptoms can make daily life challenging
Going to school means being able to pay attention and this is specifically one area where these children will struggle. For example they will have difficulty organizing their thoughts, and have problems thinking ahead and planning. In addition, it’s common for children with ADHD to also have learning disabilities, such as dyslexia, that make schoolwork even more challenging. It will also be difficult for them to emotionally maintain relationships in some cases.