Bedwetting is also known as Enuresis which is what happens when the bladder loses control and leads to urination. There are a few types of Enuresis and the nocturnal kind is what we see in children at night. It is very common among kids and 5 – 7 million children go through this. It is seen more commonly in boys than in girls.
Why does bedwetting happen?
There could be many reasons for this. Some could be indications of an underlying health issue or psychological issue. But by far, the majority of bedwetting issues are ones that kids grow out of on their own. Some of the more serious health related causes of bed-wetting include the following:
- Genetic predisposition to bedwetting
- Difficulty of waking up from sleep
- Slow development in the central nervous system which means that the child cannot control their bladder while asleep.
- Hormonal factors (not enough antidiuretic hormone—this hormone reduces the amount of urine made by the kidneys)
- Urinary tract infections
- Abnormalities in the urethral valves in boys or in the ureter in girls or boys
- Abnormalities in the spinal cord
What you can do to avoid bedwetting
Approximately 15% of kids who go through bedwetting learn to stay dry through the night without any intervention, with time; however, the longer the bedwetting has been happening, the less likely it is to get better on its own. Here are a few things that you can try:
- Do not allow too much caffeinated drinks before bedtime
- Develop the habit of getting your kid to go to the bathroom about 15 minutes before bedtime
- Make sure your child is getting enough sleep. Remove electronics and pets from your child’s room.
- Do not ever punish them for bedwetting. It can traumatize children.
- Keeping track of dry nights can be helpful to motivate and reward children. It also helps keep track of bedwetting to know whether it is getting better or worse and identify patterns