Nutritional deficiencies in children

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Children can suffer from m=nutritional deficiencies at any stage of development. But with the right food choices, you can ensure that your child is safe from deficiencies. However, knowing what the most common deficiencies are will help you fight them better.

Iron deficiencies

The most widespread nutritional deficiency worldwide is iron deficiency. Iron deficiency can lead to anemia. This is a blood disorder that causes fatigue, weakness, and a variety of other symptoms.

Iron is found in foods such as dark leafy greens, red meat, and egg yolks. It helps your body make red blood cells. When you’re iron-deficient, your body produces fewer red blood cells. The red blood cells it produces are smaller and paler than healthy blood cells. They’re also less efficient at delivering oxygen to your tissues and organs.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Trusted Source, over 30 percent of the world’s population is anemic. Many of these people are anemic due to iron deficiency.

Vitamin D deficiencies

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the absorption of calcium (along with iron, magnesium, phosphate and zinc) in the gastrointestinal tract. Adequate intake of this vitamin is necessary for optimal bone growth and to fend off hypocalcemia and hypophosphatemia (responsible for rickets) and childhood osteomalacia (essentially the softening of bones). As a parent, you are likely familiar with the immediate addressing of Vitamin D concerns by pediatricians upon the birth of your child. It is not entirely uncommon for newborns to undergo UV light treatment in the maternity ward and for mothers to be given a Vitamin D supplement to introduce into breastfeeding.

Iodine deficiencies

Iodine is an essential mineral for normal thyroid function and the production of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones are involved in many bodily processes, such as growth, brain development, and bone maintenance. They also regulate your metabolic rate.

Iodine deficiency is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies, affecting nearly a third of the world’s population. The most common symptom of iodine deficiency is an enlarged thyroid gland, also known as a goiter. It may also cause an increase in heart rate, shortness of breath, and weight gain. Severe iodine deficiency is linked to serious harm, especially in children. It may cause mental retardation and developmental abnormalities.

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