Nocturnal enuresis is the medical term for bedwetting, which is involuntary urination during sleep. Bedwetting is quite common but it can be embarrassing for children. They may feel isolated and unable to talk to others about it. Bedwetting may cause problems such as decreased self-esteem and psychological distress for the child and the family.
Types of bedwetting among toddlers
There are three main types of bedwetting that can be observed among toddlers
– Diurnal enuresis. Wetting during the day.
– Nocturnal enuresis. Wetting during the night.
– Primary enuresis. This occurs when the child has never fully mastered toilet training.
There are also two types of night time bedwetting.
– Primary nocturnal enuresis describes children who never achieved dry nights since potty training (typically these children have no accidents during the day time)
– Secondary nocturnal enuresis is when a child achieved consistent dry nights for at least six months but has now started bedwetting again. Mostly, this type of bedwetting is related to a stressful event (e.g. birth of a sibling, parent divorce, etc.). Eating disorders and some medicines can cause secondary bedwetting.
What are the causes of bedwetting?
– Family history of bedwetting
– Slow development of the bladder – brain control system
– A bladder that is smaller than expected
– Making too much urine while asleep
– Sleep disorders
– Stress factors such as a new sibling coming into the family